The biomethane market has developed into an important renewable energy market in the last decade in Europe and above all in Germany. Biomethane plants have already been installed in almost all European countries and feed the produced biomethane into the energy networks. The development of the biomethane market has been made possible by national support schemes, but meanwhile non-supported application paths have successfully established.
The German biomethane market in particular is characterized by a complex supply chain, which is based on the well-established natural gas pipeline network and a certification register, and has thus developed and established a large number of alternative application paths. The supply chain of the biomethane market begins with the use and processing of different sources of raw material, in particular organic, waste and landfill. After processing of the raw materials in the biomethane plants, the biomethane is fed into the natural gas network and transported from there to the various application paths. The various biomethane application paths cover nearly all areas of renewable energy sources – in particular the electricity and heat sector, the transport sector and the chemical industry. Biomethane also provides flexibility and storage capacity for a 100% energy supply by renewable energies, making it the ideal complement to fluctuating renewable wind and photovoltaic power.
However, there are obstacles to a further successful development of this “joker” of the Energiewende at both national and European level. These include, among others, different funding regimes, which make a European exchange of biomethane much more difficult, a non-functioning greenhouse gas market, which does not adequately take into account the benefits renewable energy sources, as well as the unrecognized advantages of the established European natural gas network for the transport and storage of renewable energies such as biomethane.
Conclusion: Biomethane is a well-established renewable energy, which makes an important contribution to all areas of the Energiewende due to the complex supply chain and wide range of application paths.
Mr. Eberlein is working since 2011 for BayWa Group, first as head of energy purchasing at BayWa AG, and since June 2012 as Managing Director at BayWa r.e. Green Energy Products GmbH (GEP). BayWa r.e. GEP is the renewable energies trading house of BayWa r.e. Group. As Managing Director of BayWa r.e. GEP, Jens Eberlein is responsible for trading in renewable energy as biomethane, marketing of EEG electricity and balancing energy, as well as the distribution of green electricity and green gas to residential and commercial customers. Mr. Eberlein held a degree in economics (Dipl. Kfm.) and completed a bank training (Bankkaufmann). Prior to joining BayWa Group, he was working for badenova AG & Co. KG in Freiburg as head of energy portfolio management, and as management consultant at E.ON Inhouse Consulting as well as the Deutsche Bank Inhouse Consulting. Furthermore, Mr. Eberlein is member of the management board of Biogasrat+ e.V., the leading industrial organization for the biomethane and biogas businesses.